Role of subordinate judiciary in India in reducing back log of cases: A case study of district courts, Rupnagar, Punjab
Author(s): Dr. Akashdeep Singh
Abstract: The large number of pending cases in Indian courts has impaired the efficient working of judiciary and adversely affected the right of the citizen of speedy justice. Article 39A of the Indian Constitution imposes duty on the State to secure that the operation of the legal system promotes justice on the basis of equal opportunity and ensure that the same is not denied to any citizen by reason of poverty or other disabilities. Therefore our judicial system of is under an obligation to provide quick and inexpensive justice to the people. However, since the date of commencement of the constitution there is gradually increase in arrears of pending cases in various courts across the country. This paper aims to study the causes of the delay of cases in subordinate judiciary by way of empirical study conducted in District Court Complex, Rupnagar. This paper further discuss the challenges and difficulties faced by judiciary in reducing the backlog of cases and the efforts that have been carried out by the subordinate judiciary in reducing backlog of cases.