Migrations and the problems of human rights: African women and children in focus
Author(s): Grace Ogonda Akolokwu
Abstract: This paper focuses on the challenges of human rights protection of women and children in course of migrations. It interrogates the various violations faced by women and children as a result of lack of obligatory responses by both the citizens and governments of the States they have migrated to in the bid to escape death and hunger from militarized zones, from arid zones facing water stress and desertification; or from migrations due to political and religious persecutions. It is the position of this paper that women and children in Africa have rights which inure to them as human beings and which rights are universal and inalienable despite the non protective posture of most receiving States. This work therefore espouses the need for more international recognition of the rights of migrants, effective enforcement models through imposition of strict fines and sanctions for non-compliance of States to internationally agreed standards.